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COMPARISON - 2

COMPARISON - 2


                             
    Some adjectives and adverbs have irregular       
    comparative forms:                
                             
    good / well       -   better                
    bad / badly       -   worse              
    far                    -   further / farther            
                             
    Let me ask him. I know him better than you do.        
    The garden looks better since you tidied it up.        
    Is your headache better?  "No, it's worse."          
    The situation was much worse than we expected.        
    I'm very tired. I can't walk much further / farther.        
                             
Further  <but not farther > can also mean more or additional:    
                             
    Let me know immediately if you hear any further news.      
                             
Note the comparative words more and less:          
                             
    I smoke more than I used to.            
    We have got less time than I thought.          
                             
Older and elder                      
The comparative of old is older:                
                             
    Tom looks older than he really is. < not older >      
                             
We use elder when we are talking about members of family.       
    My elder brother, my elder sister, my elder son        
    < older is also possible >              
    My elder < older > brother is a pilot.          
We use elder only before a noun:                
                             
    My brother is older than me. < not elder than me >    
                             
                             
  Sometimes you can use two comparatives together.       
  harder and harder, more and more,  more and more difficult    
  We use this structure to say that something is changing     
  CONTINUOUSly.                    
                             
                             
    It's becoming harder and harder to find a job.      
    Your English is getting better and better.        
    It's becoming more and more difficult to find a job.    
    These days more and more people are learning English.  
                             
                             
  The + Comparative  , the + comparative            
  This structure is used to say that one thing depends on another    
                             
    The warmer the weather, the better I feel.          
    The earlier we leave, the sooner we will arrive.        
    The more expensive the hotel, the better the service.      
    The more you have, the more you want.          
                             
                             
                             
                             

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