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Infinitive of purpose

Infinitive of purpose


                         
                         
  We use the infinitive < to do > to talk about the purpose 
  of doing something. < = why someone does something>
                         
    I went out to mail a letter.          
    She called me to invite me to a party.      
    We shouted to warn everyone of the danger.  
                         
  We also use the infinitive to talk about the purpose   
  of something.                  
                         
    This wall is to keep people out of the garden.  
    The preside has two bodyguards to protect him.
    I need a bottle opener to open this bottle.    
                         
  You can also use in order to  < do something >    
                         
                         
    We shouted in order to warn anyone of the danger.
    I am going to Mexico to learn  Spanish. < not for 
    learning >                
    It is difficult to find  a place to park.      
    There were no chairs to sit on.        
    She is lonely. She has nobody to talk to.    
                         
                         
  We also say  time / opportunity / chance / money / energy
  to do something.                
                         
    They gave me some money to  buy some food.  
    Did you have time to answer all the questions?  
    These days I don't get much chance to watch  
    television.                
    Do you have much opportunity to speak English?
                         
  Sometimes you have to use so that to talk about   
  the purpose of doing something.          
                         
  When the purpose is negative < so that ... won't / wouldn't....>  
    I hurried so that I wouldn't be late.      
    Leave early so that you won't miss the bus.  
                         
  with can and could < so that ... can/could ... >        
    He's learning English so that he can study in  
    Australia.                
    We moved to London so that we could visit  
    our friends more often.            
                         
  when one person does something so that another person     
  does something else.                
                         
    I gave him my address so that he could contact me.
    He wore glasses and a false beard so that no body
    would recognize him            
                         
                         
                         

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