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REPORTED SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH

REPORTED SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH

                         
Reported speech is used if we want to repeat the speech.   
                         
Kinds of Reported Speech              
                         
    1. Positive or Negative Statement        
    2. Yes / No Questions            
    3. WH - Questions              
    4. Positive or Negative Requests/ Commands  
                         
                         
For  Example :  Positive or Negative Statement      
                         
                         
        1.Misriyanto said," I'm going to quit my job".
                         
        2. I can't come to the party on Friday.  
                         
        3. Tina has bought a new car.    
                         
        4. My friends are  not very well.    
                         
                         
  1. Misriyanto said ( that ) he was going to quit his job.
  2. Misriyanto said (that ) he couldn't come to the party 
     on Friday.                  
  3. Misriyanto said ( that ) Tina had bought a new car.  
  4. Misriyanto said ( that ) his friends were not very well.
                         
Notes :                      
  1. You can use or leave "that"  in positive or negative
      statement.                  
  2.  There is Changing of Tense.          
  3. The simple past can usually stay the same in reported
     speech.                  
  Tom said:," I woke up feeling sick so I stayed in bed."
  Tom said ( that ) he woke ( or had woken ) up feeling 
  sick and so he stayed ( or had stayed ) in bed.    
                         
                         
                         
For Example : Yes / No Questions          
                         
                         
                         
    1  Nanik asked :,"Are you a teacher ?"      
    2. Nanik asked:," Did you go to the party ?"  
    3.Nanik asked :,"Have you visited Bali?"    
    4. Nanik asked: , " Can you speak English?"  
                         
                         
                         
1, She asked him whether he was a teacher.      
2. She asked him whether he had  gone to the party.    
3. She asked him if he had visited Bali.        
4. She asked him if he could speak English.      
                         
                         
For Example : Wh ... Question            
                         
                         
                         
  1. Where is Yanti ?                
                         
  2. Where did you go yesterday ?          
                         
  3. Why have you been absent 3 times ?      
                         
  4. How many times have you visited Bali?      
                         
                         
                         
1. She asked him where Yanti was.          
2. She asked him where he had gone the day before.    
3. She asked him why he had been absent 3 times.    
4. She asked him how many times he had visited Bali.  
                         
                         
                         
For Example : Positive or Negative Request       
                         
                         
                         
  1. Close the door quickly!            
  2. Don't drive your car fast!            
  3. Listen to me!                
  4. Kiss me!                  
                         
                         
1. She asked him to close the door quickly.        
2. She asked him not to drive  his car fast.        
3. She asked him to listen to her.            
4. She asked him  to kiss her.            
                         
                         
1. She ordered him to close the door quickly.      
2. She ordered him not to drive  his car fast.      
3. She ordered him to listen to her.          
4. She ordered him  to kiss her.            
                         

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